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By Dr. Jeffrey Lowenkron
Special to Village News 

Brain mapping that seeks to identify 'normal' could aid Alzheimer's disease treatment

 

Last updated 6/16/2018 at 5:24pm



Inside Florida’s largest retirement community researchers using new brain-mapping technology are trying to peel back the secrets of the brain.

The goal is to make world-changing discoveries about how the mind works that could lead to earlier detection of Alzheimer’s disease and other brain diseases. The research’s success could allow physicians to start treatments earlier than ever and perhaps delay the onset of this memory-robbing condition that haunts the older population.

As people grow older, from a health perspective, they are probably more afraid of losing their memory than they are of getting cancer.

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. Part of the problem in finding one is that for all the world’s scientific and medical advances, there is still a lot that is unknown about the brain.

What happens with the electrical activity of the brain as it ages? What’s normal and what’s abnormal? No one really knows.

The trailblazing research being done in The Villages retirement community that I work at in Florida may be drawing closer to finding out.

About 1,000 residents of The Villages volunteered to participate in the brain-health research that’s being conducted in partnership with faculty from the University of South Florida and an Israeli company called ElMindA that originally developed the sophisticated Brain Network Activation technology for use in concussion treatment with young people. All of the partners believe that the technology holds the potential to revolutionize the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of brain-related disorders.

Here’s how it works. An electrode monitoring device that resembles a hair net is placed on the volunteer’s head. The volunteer is then given a series of computer tasks to perform during an electrocardiogram recording. From there, a 3-D representation can be created to show what the brain looked like when the volunteer was responding to the tasks.

The goal is to develop a baseline of what a healthy brain looks like. According to ElMindA, the results can give physicians a snapshot mapping of brain-network function in comparison to a healthy normative group; the ability to compare multiple tests over time and objective information to assist with better-informed medical decisions.

“In the future, doctors could routinely test how well a patient’s brain is functioning, just like they routinely test for cholesterol levels, vitamin deficiencies or other health problems today,” said Dr. Carla Vandeweerd, the studies co-principal investigator who serves as director of research for The Villages Health and is a faculty member at the University of South Florida.

The BNA technology also has been used in assessing brain damage caused by concussions, especially sports-related concussions, and it’s hoped it will be effective with other brain disorders, such as depression and dementia.

For the Alzheimer’s study, there’s probably not a better place in the country than The Villages because no where else can to find a community this large that’s made up mostly of people the right age for the study.

The community has a research board that gave the go-ahead, and the project began in July 2017. The goal was to recruit 1,100 volunteers, and so far about 1,000 people between the ages of 55 and 84 signed on to help out.

The study is recruiting enough people to get a sense of how normal looks in the brain based on age categories and gender.

The research participants will be monitored several times over the course of the study, which will go on for about another year.

Most likely, the residents of The Villages who volunteered to participate will never gain any personal benefit from the research results. But the generations who follow them might, which has been enough to make it worthwhile to them.

It is a very giving community from this perspective. If they can do things that will help others in the future, they are eager and willing.

Dr. Jeffrey Lowenkron is the chief medical officer of The Villages Health in the Villages, a retirement community in Florida. Before joining The Villages Health, he served as CEO of the University of South Florida Physician’s Group at University of South Florida and was chair of the Department of Comprehensive Medicine from 2012 to 2015. Prior to his time at the university, Lowenkron spent 17 years with Kaiser Permanente. He earned his bachelor’s degree from Johns Hopkins University and his Doctor of Medicine with honors from Creighton University School of Medicine. He also has a master’s degree in public policy from Georgetown University.

 

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